The carding machine is used to process fibers such as cotton, wool, and synthetic fibers into a form that can be spun into yarn. The machine uses a series of rollers and wire-covered cylinders to separate, clean, and align the fibers.
The process starts with the fibers being fed into the machine, where they are opened and separated by a series of rollers. The separated fibers are then passed through a series of wire-covered cylinders called carding drums, which further separate and align the fibers. As the fibers pass through the carding drums, any remaining impurities are removed, resulting in a web of clean, aligned fibers known as a carded sliver. Carding machines can be designed to process different amounts of fiber, from small-scale production to large-scale industrial production.